“Most of us invested the money we received from turmeric for our children’s education. For turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a blessing during the Covid-19 pandemic. Mace powder has a distinct spicy-sweet taste and is used to add flavour to food, domestically and commercially. One of the Gonagala farmers. Correct harvesting time It is not possible to produce a good spice product from low … After the Portuguese, Dutch sailors came to Sri Lanka for spices. The fruit contains a hard pit, which is a nutmeg, while the lacy red membrane which surrounds it is called mace. “We thought we wouldn’t be able to sell our harvest when the coronavirus came,” says Bandara, “but we received a better price this time. You can use well-drained pots for growing cinnamon at home. Malabar – Inflorescence is prostrate. [citation needed] Rice is cultivated during Maha and Yala seasons.Tea is cultivated in the central highlands and is a major source of foreign exchange. Turmeric production in Ampara district in eastern Sri Lanka. The export of spices From ancient times, Nutmeg has been a highly prized spice for its numerous culinary and other applications. Visit a spice garden, where smells of cinnamons, pepper, cardamom, nutmeg and mace overwhelm the senses and the visitors are provided an insight into an age old industry of spice production, which attracted many a European and Asian merchants to the ports of ancient Sri Lanka. My Sri Lankan friend just told me that the spices are: coriander seeds, cinnamon stick, fennel seeds, fenugreek seeds, curry leaves, cloves, cumin seeds, and cardamon. It is also known to be an antifungal, anti-depressant, aphrodisiac, digestive and carminative agent. One night in 1999 about 50 people from this village were slaughtered. Nutmeg essential oil, obtained by the steam distillation of ground nutmeg, is an ingredient widely used as a natural food flavouring in baked goods, syrups, beverages, and sweets. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. In Sri Lankan cuisine, a pinch of turmeric brings the gold colour to sodhi, the mildly spiced coconut soup eaten with the island’s carbohydrate-rich foods. From ancient times, Nutmeg has been a most prized spice. Cardamom is native to South India and Sri Lanka. The main reasons for this popularity were the … The paradise island Sri Lanka holds ancient secrets which transform lives. While nutmeg is available as whole fruit, nutmeg and mace is commonly found in grounded form and is also used to produce essential oil through steam distillation. Turmeric is valued in every Sri Lankan kitchen for its subtle flavour, distinct yellow colour and powerful aroma. Cinnamon (Kurundu) Cinnamon refers to Cinnamomum Verum or ‘true cinnamon,’which is a plant endemic to Sri Lanka. Small-scale processing of spices can be economically and socially successful. While India and Bolivia lead the world in cardamom cultivation, the spice is a major foreign exchange earner for Sri Lanka. Of all the spices used in Sri Lankan cuisine, the most famous one is Ceylon cinnamon. It is a great source of minerals like copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, zinc and magnesium. Ceylon Cardamoms has created for its self a niche market in the world of Spices. Contact us for all products related to Spice & Export Crop cultivation in Sri Lanka. The British Colonials, reducing to demolish the monopoly held by Banda Islands for Nutmeg and Mace introduced its cultivation Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, and British Bencoolen, now a part of Indonesia; where it thrived as a crop. It had been decades since Gonagala farmers had grown and sold turmeric roots and powder. Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Rathnapura and a part of Galle are the major growing districts. Others bought a bike or tuk-tuk [auto rickshaw] for them,” says Bandara “We were burdened by the war once, but now we are planning to make turmeric powder in the next harvest season and sell them in the market as Gonagala turmeric.”, Wild hing makes India’s heart sing as favourite spice is home-grown at last. The price of raw roots has risen fourfold since the import ban. It is a widely used ingredient in desserts and baked products like desserts, confectionaries, baked food. The following states are the major producers of cardamom in South India. Spice companies in Sri Lanka. The islands are also known as Spice Islands. “This is why there is a strong need for pure, homegrown turmeric,” she says. The Sri Lanka navy busted several attempts to smuggle turmeric from south India. We were just trying to survive,” Bandara says. Enjoy the Sri Lanka’s world renowned spices at their source. In the markets, a kilogram of raw turmeric root used to sell for 80 rupees (30p), but with the import ban in place, demand rose. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. Vegetables, fruits and oilseed crops are also cultivated in the country. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. In Sri Lankan cuisine, a pinch of turmeric brings the gold colour to sodhi, the mildly spiced coconut soup eaten with the island’s carbohydrate-rich foods. It is an evergreen tree which grows in the up country in Sri Lanka. Weerakoon, Director General of the Department of Agriculture. As you know this wonderful spice plant can be grown indoors. It’s used by some to treat arthritis and other conditions. The country also serves around 7% of the global demand for Mace the spice, exporting to mainly India, Germany, and the UK. Apart from cinnamon, Sri Lanka produces all sorts of other spices, some of which are also used for natural Ayurvedic remedies. Once the project was approved, we set up a turmeric development plan for 100 farmers in Gonagala,” Wijesinghe says. Indonesia. Seeing the success of the 100 Gonagala farmers, another 150 farmers from neighbouring areas have joined the project and Sapp is now working across five districts in Sri Lanka and plans to install grinding machines at the village co-operative centre in Gonagala. You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our Privacy Policy & Cookie Policy. Nutmeg cultivation in Sri Lanka is 2788ha of which 80% of the plantations are in Kandy district owned by small and mid-scale farmers. Countries that export nutmeg to India include Indonesia, Sri Lanka, and Singapore. People have started growing turmeric in their home gardens for daily use.”. The initial shortages after the ban created a black market for turmeric as prices rocketed. No one cared about turmeric any more. It is most widely used spice all over the world. One of the Gonagala farmers. It is also used in the manufacturing of toothpaste, cough syrup, and is also an essential ingredient in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine and aromatherapy. The main spices produced in Sri Lanka include True Cinnamon, Pepper, Cardamom, Cloves, Nutmeg and Mace and the country is the ninth most important exporter of spices in the world. Up to the 19th Century, nutmeg was only grown in Banda Islands or Spice Islands in Eastern Indonesia, which also served as an entrepot destination for cloves. Some farmers paid off their debt. Many were trapped in a cycle of debt after taking high-interest loans from local businessmen. By using our website, you agree to the use of cookies. Copyright © Export Development Board Sri Lanka. The essential oils and nutrients present in mace powder are responsible for its medicinal value. Turmeric is synonymous with Sri Lankan cuisine and an import ban is helping boost production after the ravages of civil war, Last modified on Mon 7 Dec 2020 06.40 EST. “We were very impressed to hear from them. Hayleys Agriculture offers a variety of Spice cultivators in Sri Lanka. For a turmeric growers in the eastern Ampara district, the import ban proved a … Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. The flavour of mace is softer and fruitier than that of nutmeg and is used in delicately flavoured recipes. Vanilla fragrance is important as a source of natural vanilla. A step by step guide for Cinnamon farming: Today, we learn the farming of Cinnamon in India, Cinnamon growing conditions, Cinnamon plant care, pruning of Cinnamon plants, training of Cinnamon plants and harvesting process of Cinnamon. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. Nutmeg, a perennial evergreen spice tree, is native to the Moluccas in East Indonesia. Myristica fragrans is, in fact, the only tree in the world that produces two separate spices. View our Data Protection & Privacy Policy. It is also believed to have been used as a prized and costly spice in medieval cuisine, used as flavourings, medicines, preserving agents and that was at the time highly valued in the European markets. All rights reserved. We are about to uncover the hidden mysteries of Ceylon spices Explore History Of Cinnamon Authentic cinnamon comes only from Ceylon Explore History Of … Just like with Ceylon Tea, and other varieties of spices; Nutmeg, grown in Sri Lanka has developed an intricate chemical composition and a flavour complex based on the unique terroir of the country, and is identified under the geographical indication of Ceylon Nutmeg. Somathilaka Wijesinghe, the deputy programme manager at Sapp, began working closely with the farmers. The Banda Islands in Maluku Province, Indonesia, are the earliest known nutmeg cultivation areas in the world. During ripening, the fruit’s colour changes to yellow, and the pericarp is split into two halves exposing the seeds. “So they feel empowered.”. Kerala : 77%; Karnataka : 16%; Tamil Nadu : 7%; When it comes large cardamom, the following are the major production states in India. Sri Lankan nutmeg and mace suppliers export whole nutmeg, nutmeg essential oil, and ground nutmeg and mace to global markets. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as […] The spice trade still has a significant impact on the economy of many countries eg Grenada, Sri Lanka and Indonesia. [COLOMBO] Cultivation of cardamom, a high value spice crop, can take a toll on evergreen forests in tropical countries, independent studies in Sri Lanka and India have shown. The Spice Island Sri Lanka Let the untold be told! Apart from disturbing biodiversity, cardamom (Elettaria cardamomum), plantations affect water and soil quality in tropical forests, the studies said. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. In Gonagala, Bandara and others are now distributing seeds to other villages. Cinnamon is a spice obtained from the inner bark of several tree species from the genus Cinnamomum.Cinnamon is used mainly as an aromatic condiment and flavouring additive in a wide variety of cuisines, sweet and savoury dishes, breakfast cereals, snackfoods, tea and traditional foods.The aroma and flavour of cinnamon derive from its essential oil and principal component, … Old 14th century trade route maps of the world have proved that almost all trade routes passed through Sri Lanka. Spice of life: how turmeric became the 'new gold' for Sri Lanka villagers Turmeric is synonymous with Sri Lankan cuisine and an import ban is helping boost production after … “After that, we continued to face the hardships of the war. Indonesia is the world's top producer of nutmeg, making up about 50% of the world's production. History of Sri Lankan herbs and spices. Accept, Enable JavaScript in web browser to get full functionality, Find Sri Lankan Export Products and Services, You can find information about cookies and their deactivation in our, About Ceylon Spices, Essential Oils & Oleoresins, Condiments and Spice Mixtures from Sri Lanka, Spice & Allied products Export Performance, Spices and Allied Products eBrochures & Reading Materials, Printing, Prepress and Packaging Products, Trade Facilitation and Trade Information Division. Pepper, which is the most widely traded spice in the world, is grown mainly in the wet zone of Sri Lanka. So farmers started growing turmeric again, using only organic fertilisers such as cow manure. Dayarathne Bandara, 54, is president of the Agriculture Productivity Co-op Society in Gonagala, a village about 350km from the capital Colombo. Mysore – Inflorescence is … Nutmeg and Mace are two separate spices derived from the fruit of tree Myristica fragrans of the family Myristicaceae. India exports 5,000 tonnes of turmeric annually to Sri Lanka. In Sri Lanka, cardamom is mainly cultivated in the districts of Kandy, Matale, Kegalle, Nuwara Eliya, Ratnapura and a part of Galle. There is some evidence to support the claim that the Roman priests may have burned nutmeg as a form of incense. Pepper, popularly known as the "King of spices" and it accounts for ….occupies largest percentage in the international spice trade. From 150kg of turmeric seeds planted in a quarter acre of land, 2,000kg of the “new gold” was harvested. Sri Lanka also has the potential for ginger, turmeric and vanilla cultivation and exports. Turmeric cultivation was abandoned in Gonagala. In ayurvedic medicine, this humble spice is hailed for its values as an anti-inflammatory. Just like with Sri Lanka, the successful spice trade in the Banda Islands led to bloody wars between the colonial powers who were fighting over the Asian spice trade. Most other cinnamon (from other countries) is from related species of plants and is called ‘cassia’. “Now farmers around the country are growing turmeric because they are getting a good price. “We aim to establish a turmeric federation in the country so that when we end our intervention, farmers can continue on their own,” Mapatuna says. Cardamom Production States in India:-Small cardamom spice is grown mostly in Western Ghats of South India. Ceylon Pepper from Sri Lanka Hailed as the king of spices, pepper, the most consumed spice in the world, is taken from the berries (or from ‘drupes’ to use its exact botanical name) of the plant Piper nigrum which is native to the Malabar Coast in the Indian state of Kerala. Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme. The shiny seeds are covered by a red aril. The fruits are fleshy and broad with longitudinal ridges along their circumference. Some spices might change depending on the dish. It also is rich in B vitamins, vitamin C, vitamin A and many flavonoid antioxidants like beta carotene and cryptoxanthin. Nutmeg butter is produced by compressing the whole nut or carbon dioxide extraction and is a semisolid of yellow colour with many uses in the personal care and cosmetic industry. Three types of Cardamom are found in Sri Lanka and they’re categorized based on the shape of the inflorescence. The main exporting country today is Guatemala, where cardamom cultivation was introduced less than a century ago and the crop is grown entirely for export. Hence, the European tried to sail to Sri Lanka and India for spices. Black pepper of commerce is the mature dried berries of the woody perennial evergreen climbing vine, Piper nigrum. Before cardamom cultivation was banned in KFR in 1985, plantations there accounted for more than half of Sri Lanka's total production. In 1505 AD, Portuguese came to Sri Lanka. Also called true cinnamon, this is the crop that put Sri Lanka on the spice map. It consists of essential oils, which give out its distinct flavour and aroma. Traditionally used to treat skin irritations, joint pain and toothache; nutmeg butter is now being used to manufacture soap, creams, lotions, lip balms, body butter, shampoo, hair pomades, rinse-out hair conditioners, and bath bombs. “It also gives a strong colour to Gonagala turmeric, so only a very little turmeric powder is needed for cooking,” he says. Cultivation Cardamom can be found in central hill country of Sri Lanka where elevation is 600M amsl. But in 2018, nearly a decade after the end of the war, Bandara and other villagers wrote to the agriculture ministry’s Smallholder Agribusiness Partnerships Programme (Sapp), seeking support to replant the crop. Sri Lanka endows with a diversity of production of agriculture crops and also rich in a range of spices including cinnamon, pepper, cardamom, cloves, nutmeg and mace. There are two Agriculture Parks abbreviated as A.Parks established by the Department of Agriculture. In ancient times it maintained relations with the Greeks, Romans and Arabs through its spice trade. After their spring harvest, Bandara and others were getting 300 rupees (£1.20) a kilogram, and dried turmeric was fetching 4,000 rupees (£16) a kilogram. Sri Lanka is famous for its high quality spices, even throughout history. Dayarathne Bandara, who led the move to bring back turmeric production in Gonagala, a village 350km from the capital Colombo. In fact, nutmeg oil is an ingredient used in producing cola drinks. But cultivation of the traditional root almost died out during the Sri Lankan civil war, and the country now relies heavily on imported turmeric, growing only 2,000 of the 7,000 tonnes it consumes annually. The total extent of. Spice producers are the only gainers, say experts. Although there is evidence indicating that nutmeg had been brought to Sri Lanka before its formal introduction by merchants who travelled on the Silk Road. Sri Lanka Green Cardamom annual Production is around 1,000 - 2,000 Metric Tons We are Trusted Exporter and Supplier of Quality Ceylon Cardamom in Sri Lanka. Even fake powder made an appearance – wheat flour mixed with yellow dye – says the programme director at Sapp, Dr Yasanatha Mapatuna. Just like with Ceylon Tea, and other varieties of spices; Nutmeg, grown in Sri Lanka has developed an intricate chemical composition and a flavour complex based on the unique terroir of the country, and is identified under the geographical indication of Ceylon Nutmeg. Last December, the Sri Lankan government banned the importation of turmeric and several other spices, with a view to pushing local production and helping small-scale farmers. They brought our spices to Europe but they did not try to cultivate spices here. Nutmeg prefers cooler climes, so it is mainly cultivated in Sri Lanka’s central regions – in the districts of Matale, Kegalle and Kandy. Wijesinghe says the variety grown in Gonagala contains a higher proportion of curcumin, the active ingredient of turmeric which is believed to have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant benefits. The extent under cinnamon in Sri Lanka is 25,500ha. Turmeric is valued in every Sri Lankan kitchen for its subtle flavour, distinct yellow colour and powerful aroma. This site uses cookies to deliver our services and to show you ads based on your interests. The country has also expanded its spice cultivation to include ginger and vanilla for the global market. Sri Lanka serves around 5% of the global demand for nutmeg, exporting mainly to India, UAE, the USA, Germany, and Pakistan. It became very lucrative for us.”. At that time, they called us as Ceylon. It is a spice obtained by making shavings … The primary form of agriculture in Sri Lanka is rice production. Most farmers didn’t have the necessary capital and weren’t able to get a bank loan. Sri Lanka produces 2,000 tonnes of turmeric a year, but the nationwide demand for the spice is close to 7,000 tonnes. Although cinnamon cultivation is presently concentrated along the coastal belt stretching along from Kaluthara to Mathara, it has also made inroads to the inland of Kalutara, Ambalangoda, Matara and Ratnapura. Although these countries are the largest producers of cardamom, only a small part of production is exported because of large domestic demand. Sri Lanka was in the past self-sufficient in turmeric cultivation but along the years, its production fell, according to W.M.W. Sri Lanka, historically renowned under names such as Tabrobane, Serendib and Ceylon, was famous for its high quality spices throughout history. Nutmeg & mace are two distinctly separate spices derived from the same plant. Pepper is cultivated over an area of 32,800 ha of Sri Lanka and Matale, Kandy, Kegalle, Kurunegala and Nuwara Eliya are … The next harvest in late February should meet half of domestic demand, and by 2022, Mapatuna believes there will be enough of the crop to start exporting. Nutmeg and mace powder are primarily used for culinary purposes to flavour curries, confectioneries and bakery products as well as beverages including eggnog, tea and coffee. Nutmeg cultivation in Sri Lanka is 2788ha of which 80% of the plantations are in Kandy district owned by small and mid-scale farmers. Sapp collaborated with the Rural Development Bank in Sri Lanka to provide loans, training and machines to boil and dry turmeric. Researchers from Sri Lanka and the United Kingdom… Nutmeg and mace powder and essential oil have many uses in culinary, food and beverage, pharmaceuticals, and perfumery industries. 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