Yayati means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. In Buddhism, loving-kindness (maitri) is the first of the Four Immeasurables, or Buddhist virtues and meditation practices one must cultivate. Note: maitrī is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages. ...] Name of an Upaniṣad (cf. Ends with: Amaitri, Ganamaitri, Gandamaitri, Grahamaitri, Koradi Maitri, Mahamaitri, Sujanetaramaitri. Let us remember that the word Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. Consider supporting this website: Chapter IX - Theology of om in the monads of monotheistic creeds, Chapter VIII - Application of om in the vedas and vedanta, III. Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India. under maitri). Meaning: It is called as the sound of the universe or the first original vibration. The Maitrayaniya Upanishad (Sanskrit: मैत्रायणीय उपनिषद्, Maitrāyaṇīya Upaniṣad) is an ancient Sanskrit text that is embedded inside the Yajurveda. A collection of spiritual and devotional literature in various Indian languages in Sanskrit, Samskrutam, Hindia, Telugu, Kannada, Tamil, Malayalam, Gujarati, Bengali, Oriya, English scripts with pdf As the Buddha said everywhere in the sūtras: “With a mind associated with loving-kindness (maitrī), free of enmity, free of hostility, free of rivalry, free of malice, extended, expanded, immense and well cultivated, the Bhikṣu intentionally includes in this mind of loving-kindness the beings of universes in the eastern direction, then he intentionally includes in this mind of loving-kindness the beings of the universes of the ten directions: those of the south, the west, the north, of the four intermediate directions, of the zenith and the nadir. Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India. The earliest mention of Metteyya is in the Cakavatti Sutta in the Digha Nikaya 26 of the Pali Canon. Maitrī, (Sanskrit), in Buddhism, the perfect virtue of sympathy. Sanskrit Texte 4, 181.11; followed by Varuṇikā, which W. prints as part of the same name with this. She wears a bodice of light-green colour and a scarf with crimson-coloured design, and a trouser of light-green colour bearing a black design. sakhyam, maitrī, mitratā, mah ... Sanskrit OCR: 931416 Unique Words and 3500+ Years of History Help Feedback . Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Marathi from relevant books on Exotic India. Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. The name Maitreya or Metteyya is derived from the word maitrī (Sanskrit) or mettā (Pāli) meaning "loving-kindness", which is in turn derived from the noun mitra (Pāli: mitta) in the sense of "friend". Yogaśāstra 4.117. ], 7) [v.s. Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) is a concept defined within Buddhist ethical conduct (nītiśāstra).—In Buddhism, the two most important ethical virtues are compassion (karuṇa) and friendliness (maitrī). Dubbed as the perfect language by some linguists, Sanskrit lies at the heart of many mantras used for meditation. It is found in the Sutta Nipāta which is considered to be amongst the earliest layers of the composition of the canon. Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The descriptions of these illustrations of this citrāvalī are based on the ślokas of Vācanācārya Gaṇi Sudhākalaśa’s Saṅgītopaniṣatsāroddhāra (14th century) and Śārṅgadeva’s Saṅgītaratnākara (13th century). Thirteen daughters of Dakṣa were married to Dharmadeva. Maitrī (मैत्री).—A daughter of Dakṣa and a wife of Dharma; mother of Prasāda.*. The word is used throughout Dharmaśāstra literature such as the Manusmṛti. Starts with (+2): Maitribala, Maitribhava, Maitrichitta, Maitrichittamaniskara, Maitricitta, Maitricittamaniskara, Maitridana, Maitrika, Maitrikarunamudita, Maitriki, Maitrimaya, Maitrimurchana, Maitrimurchhana, Maitrin, Maitrinatha, Maitrini, Maitripakshapata, Maitripurva, Maitrivala, Maitrivyakarana. The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. This false idea of where security lies leads us to believe that the fewer objects others possess, the weaker they are, and the less threat they pose. [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 128]), [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc. Maitrī (मैत्री) is the name of Vidyārājñī (i.e., “wisdom queen”) mentioned as attending the teachings in the 6th century Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa: one of the largest Kriyā Tantras devoted to Mañjuśrī (the Bodhisattva of wisdom) representing an encyclopedia of knowledge primarily concerned with ritualistic elements in Buddhism. Sanskrit Quote on Marital Relation from Kamasutra. Maitreya is the Buddha of the future, the fifth teaching Buddha in this eon of 1,000 Buddhas. Full-text (+289): Maitridana, Mahamaitri, Maitryupanishad, Kshayishnu, Brahmavihara, Maitriki, Maitrikarunamudita, Maitrimaya, Maitrinatha, Maitripakshapata, Kayagni, Maitripurva, Madhutva, Maitra, Koradi Maitri, Antarhridaya, Antaratmaka, Sayujyatva, Udvartman, Anuhya. Lexicographers, esp. This important sutta from the Pāli canon describes the Buddhist path in terms of loving kindness or mettā (Sanskrit: maitrī मैत्री). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., brahma-vihāra and Maitrī). ...] Benevolence personified (as the daughter of Dakṣa and wife of Dharma), [Bhāgavata-purāṇa], 5) [v.s. Mantras are words or sounds with deep meaning. Use it to keep learning Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras. Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Dharmashastra from relevant books on Exotic India. ...] (ifc.) It enhances magnanimous disposition in the observer and eliminates the feelings of mine/ yours. In distinctive Sikh usage shabad means a hymn or sacred work from the Gurū Granth Sāhib. The name Maitreya (Metteyya in Pāli) is derived from the Sanskrit word maitrī (Pāli: mettā) meaning "Loving-kindness", which is in turn derived from the noun mitra (Pāli: mitta) in the sense of "friend". Write to us. From these beings, Sudhana took the vows without the need for any formal basis. Maitrī is practiced to remove hostility (vyāpāda) toward beings”. Maitrī bore a son named Abhaya to Dharmadeva. Maitrī (मैत्री) refers to a type of mūrchanā (melodic mode), and its illustration as a Goddess (according to 15th-century Indian art) is as follows.—The colour of her body is golden. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thus, when the purifying pearl (maṇi) is placed in dirty water, it becomes clear. SHABAD (Sanskrit śabda, of obscure etymology) is generally rendered as sound, voice or toneAnother series of meanings includes word, utterance, speech. The illustrations (of, for example Maitrī) are found scattered throughout ancient Jain manuscripts from Gujarat. Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). What is the connection between spirituality and science in Indian knowledge? (4th Skandha, Bhāgavata). Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. apramāṇa; also) (1) name of a kind of magic (vidyā): Divyāvadāna 636.26; (2) name of a goddess: Mahāsamājasūtra, Waldschmidt, Kl. Thus, to merely study the meanings of Sanskrit words like Maitrī and Karuṇā in-depth already contains the entire flood of wisdom required for walking the path to realisation and liberation. The earliest mention of Metteyya is in the Cakavatti (Sihanada) Sutta in the Digha Nikaya 26 of the Pali Canon. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Corrections? See brahmavihāra. Maitrī was one of them. The subject of this observance is the realm of entire living beings. 4) [v.s. Sanskrit is an ancient, sacred language of Hinduism and is often used in Buddhist hymns and chants. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article. The work is attributed to Nagarguna who lived around the 2nd century A.D. Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) or Maitrīdāna also refers to the “gift of friendliness” and represents one of the “three kinds of gifts” (dāna) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 105). Maitrī, (Sanskrit), in Buddhism, the perfect virtue of sympathy. Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Tibetan Buddhism from relevant books on Exotic India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world. It is categorized as smriti, an important and authoritative selection of books dealing with the Hindu lifestyle. Set up as a contrast to 'preya' meaning a transient pleasure, whereas the pleasure of 'sukha' has an authentic state happiness within a being that is lasting. Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Shilpashastra from relevant books on Exotic India. 8) [v.s. A short word uttered without underlining its meaning cannot be perceived as self-hypnosis. NOW 50% OFF! It represents … One should have deep sympathy and goodwill for the suffering people and should have the qualities of a good friend. Mooka Pancha Sathi 4 - Kataakshya Satakam - English | Vaidika Vignanam. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism. (√ budh) made known, etc. And in the same way, he includes them by means of a mind associated with compassion (karuṇā), associated with joy (muditā) and associated with equanimity”. Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) refers to “friendliness to all creatures”, according to chapter 1.1 [ādīśvara-caritra] of Hemacandra’s 11th century Triṣaṣṭiśalākāpuruṣacaritra (“lives of the 63 illustrious persons”): a Sanskrit epic poem narrating the history and legends of sixty-three important persons in Jainism.—Accordingly:—“[...] after he had thus installed his son in the kingdom, Śatabala himself assumed the sovereignty of tranquillity at the feet of an Ācārya. Search found 42 books and stories containing Maitri, Maitrī; (plurals include: Maitris, Maitrīs). Listen to the aphorisms over and over again, and then repeat them along with me. The connection is tremendously deep. He is a bodhisattva who will appear on Earth in the future, achieve complete enlightenment, and teach the pure dharma.He will be a successor to the present Buddha, Gautama Buddha.. bodhi: m. perfect enlightenment by which a man becomes a Buddha or Jina; enlightened intellect of a Buddha or Jina (B. or Jain term); the tree of knowledge un der which Buddha obtained perfect enlighten ment (Ficus religiosa); -ita, cs. pp. Buddha’s Descent from Tushita Heaven. First, maitrī means “bestowing benefits and happiness on others,” while karuṇā means “pity,” “lamentation,” and “plaintive cry.” According to M. Monier-Williams’s Sanskrit-English Dictionary, 9 the word karuṇā derives from the verb √kṝ This is the second document of, I hope, a very long series of documents dedicated to sacred scriptures in Sanskrit. The connection is tremendously deep. Maitrī (मैत्री) is a Sanskrit technical term, used in jurisdiction, referring to “too much affection”. She holds an unkown musical instrument with both hands. Definition of the immeasurables (apramāṇa), Appendix 2 - The benefits of loving-kindness (maitrī or metta), Chapter 8 - Later Lineages (vii): Sangs rgyas ras pa, Chapter 5 - The btsan System of Maitreya’s Doctrines, Chapter 3b - The Life story of 'Khon phu ba. OM. It is the first of the four sublime states (Brahmaviharas) and one of the ten pāramīs of the Theravāda school of Buddhism. 8 Nonetheless, in the Sanskrit writings we are going to discuss, kāla functions as a single word, with a range of related meanings. Sanskrit & Mantras. Maitrī (मैत्री).—Daughter of Dakṣa. Updates? (See the Manubhāṣya 8.120). This practice will make sure that you are pronouncing Sanskrit in a proper way. It is the first of the four sublime states (Brahmaviharas) and one of the ten paramis of the Theravada school of Buddhism.Metta is love without the suffering that arises from attachment (known as upadana). The Sanskrit words maitrī and karuṇā also have important meanings. In Pali the name becomes Metteyya, in Chinese Milefo, in Japanese Miroku, and in Mongolian Maidari; in Tibetan the bodhisattva is known as Byams-pa (“Kind,” or “Loving”). 3) Maitrī (मैत्री):—[from maitra] b f. friendship, friendliness, benevolence, good will (one of the 4 perfect states with Buddhists, [Dharmasaṃgraha 16]; cf. [viz., maitrī], plunged in great joy, he remained always in emancipation, as it were”. Spreading from India to Central and Southeast Asia, China, Korea, and Japan,…. Tattvārthādhigamasūtra 7.6. Maitrī.—(CII 4), benevolence; one of the bhāvanās. Pronunciation of Maitri with 1 audio pronunciation, 1 meaning, 1 translation, 8 sentences and more for Maitri. Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Mahat means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. ; -i-tavya, fp. Metta (Pali) or maitri (Sanskrit) is benevolence, friendliness, amity, friendship, good will, kindness, close mental union (on same mental wavelength), and active interest in others. The desire that others should be free from suffering and not to cause suffering to others is called benevolence towards all living beings. Maitrī (मैत्री, “loving-kindness”) or Maitrā refers to one of the “four immeasurables” (apramāṇa), according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter 32.—Accordingly, “Maitrī is to think about beings with love and always to seek for the safety (yogakṣema) and happy things in order to bring them good. Definition of the immeasurables (apramāṇa) < [Class 3: The four immeasurables], Appendix 2 - The benefits of loving-kindness (maitrī or metta) < [Chapter XXXII-XXXIV - The eight classes of supplementary dharmas], A Happy Married Life (by Venerable K. Sri Dhammananda), Blue Annals (deb-ther sngon-po) (by George N. Roerich), Chapter 8 - Later Lineages (vii): Sangs rgyas ras pa < [Book 12 - Peace-Making Lineages], Chapter 5 - The btsan System of Maitreya’s Doctrines < [Book 6 - The Origin of the Mādhyamika (middle way)], Chapter 3b - The Life story of 'Khon phu ba < [Book 4 - New Traditions of Secret Mantra], The Sarva-Darsana-Samgraha (by E. B. Cowell), Chapter XV - The Pātañjala or Yoga System, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index, archive.org: Illustrations of Indian Music and Dance in Western Indian Style, Knowledge Traditions & Practices of India: Indian Ethics: Individual and Social (buddhism), Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 7: The Five Vows, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary, DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary, Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary. Maitrī (मैत्री, “friendliness”) refers to one of the “four spiritual states” (brahmavihāra) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 16). Maitrī (Sanskrit; Pali: mettā) means benevolence, loving-kindness, friendliness, amity, good will, and active interest in others. Accordingly, Sudhana devoted himself to 110 spiritual friends in a great building adorned with the ornaments of Vairocana. Dharmashastra (धर्मशास्त्र, dharmaśāstra) contains the instructions (shastra) regarding religious conduct of livelihood (dharma), ceremonies, jurisprudence (study of law) and more. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin. Note: Cf. These spiritual friends included monks, bodhisattvas, ṛṣis, brāhmaṇas, girls (e.g., Maitrī), kings, youths, goddesses, householders, etc. ...] close contact or union, [Meghadūta; Vikramāṅkadeva-carita, by Bilhaṇa], 6) [v.s. The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., brahma-vihāra and Maitrī). It has been argued that originally there were two words pronounced kāla – one, of Aryan origin, meaning “time”, and another, from a different family of languages, meaning “black” or “dark”. This article will help you find the best names from the top 25 unique and beautiful baby names in Sanskrit with meanings. Source – Kamasutra 3.2.6. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle. Lacking sufficient knowledge about the purpose and meaning of life, we accumulate worldly possessions, thinking that the more we have, the safer we will be. Table of Content: Sanskrit Baby Boy Names Sanskrit definition is - an ancient Indo-Aryan language that is the classical language of India and of Hinduism. See brahmavihāra. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Buddhism, religion and philosophy that developed from the teachings of the Buddha (Sanskrit: “Awakened One”), a teacher who lived in northern India between the mid-6th and mid-4th centuries bce (before the Common Era). Learn More in these related Britannica articles: brahmavihāra. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature. Puṇyakriyāvastu consisting of meditation, I. Maitrī (मैत्री) is the daughter of Siṃhaśrī, and is included in the list of spiritual friends of Sudhana: the son of a merchant from Sukhākara who received a prophecy from Mañjuśrī, according to the Avataṃsaka-sūtra. What is the subject of the observance on benevolence towards all? Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of India history from relevant books on Exotic India. The name Maitreya is derived from the Sanskrit maitrī (“friendliness”). Maitrī (मैत्री).—(used as in Sanskrit = [Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit] maitrā, see s.v. ...] Name of the Nakṣatra Anurādhā, [cf. Since it is neither an order of your mind nor an order of consciousness, it is perceived only at the subconscious level. 1) Maitrī (मैत्री):—[from maitra] a f. See below, 2) Maitri (मैत्रि):—[from maitra] m. a [metronymic] of a teacher, [Maitrī-upaniṣad]. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]. Translation by Richard F. Burton Being of a tender nature, women desire gentle beginnings, and if forcibly approached by men with whom they are only slightly acquainted, they can become fearful of a sexual relationship, and may even become male haters. to be made known or communicated; -in, a. He is said to be Unmanifest. In Pronunciation 6, 7, 8 and 9, I taught you how to pronounce the 195 aphorisms of Pātañjalayogasūtra-s --wrongly-written Patanjali Yoga Sutras-- (The … A first document full of Yoga aphorisms in Sanskrit. The teachings in this text originate from Mañjuśrī and were taught to and by Buddha Śākyamuni in the presence of a large audience (including Maitrī). It is also known as the Maitri Upanishad (Sanskrit: मैत्री उपनिषद्, Maitrī Upaniṣad), and is listed as number 24 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sukha (Sanskrit, Pali; Devanagari: सुख) means happiness, pleasure, ease, or bliss, in Sanskrit and Pali. wisdomlib - the greatest source of ancient and modern knowledge; Like what you read? Maitrī and Mettā Metta is found in pre-Buddhist Vedic Sanskrit texts as Maitrī , Maitra and Mitra , which are derived from the ancient root Mid (love), and these Vedic words appear in the Samhita , Aranyaka , Brahmana and Upanishad layers of texts in … The Sanskrit names are quite amazing, and there are some Vedic names for your child (both boys and girls). Thus, to merely study the meanings of Sanskrit words like Maitrī and Karuṇā in-depth already contains the entire flood of wisdom required for walking the path to realisation and liberation. Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India. Maitrī is a mental event capable of counteracting the corruptions (kaṣāya) contained in the mind, namely, hatred (dveṣa), hostility (upanāha), avarice (mātsarya), lust (rāga), and the other passions (kleśa). Discover the meaning of maitri in the context of General definition from relevant books on Exotic India. You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. The Master Switchword “TOGETHER” The word “TOGETHER” is pronounced not to convey its meaning but as the code. It is mentioned as one of the causes for giving false evidence. In the theological sense, it … Omissions? Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. [... ] With unbroken meditation augmented by the mental attitudes—friendliness, etc. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE. How to say Maitri in English? The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal. Maitri means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. Sanskrit is the cornerstone of every other language known to mankind.